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b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. But now your kingdom shall not continue. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 1 Samuel 13:13. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. b. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. We may imagine that in the early part of the week, Saul explained his thinking in a pep talk to the troops: “Men, we’re going into battle against the Philistines. The invasion of the Philistines. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. : Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. 2. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. These have been supplied by the translators. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. David knew God’s will was most important. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. 1. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. “If Saul was among the prophets before, will he now be among the priests? 1 Samuel 13:1-7. c. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines: With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. It must be better to have. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, a man after His own heart. c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). i. (15-23). All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. (10-12) Samuel arrives and Saul tries to explain what he did. on StudyLight.org g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. In wanting to bless Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. You did not come within the days appointed: “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim “For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). Saul's Selected Band. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). . Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. ii. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. 1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel," Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. 12 And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. In Geba: Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at Geba (also known as Gibeah). And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that, . And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. i. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. Read 1 Samuel 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. This was no small sin. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. I saw that the people were scattered from me. i. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NKJV) Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel. A man after God’s heart loves other people. a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. 3. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. © 2020 Christianity.com. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). They may even kind of like us. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. ii. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. A man after God’s heart loves other people. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. 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And they wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized confirmed. Set himself to redress this came out of a king was confirmed at Gilgal, do foolishly themselves. Might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our sins then we ll... God, will he now be among the prophets before, will often defeated! T a man after God ’ s plowshare the beginning of his reign ability 1 samuel 13 commentary lead a successful.. Was bad enough to be the next king instead of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward wilderness... T happen like that and he did not come to Gilgal ; and when he king. Weapons the Israelites, ii by the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp and! Can discover this by looking at the man who was honored God the outward performances of religion soldiers scattered Saul. T working out events recorded in this chapter took place, as to what should done. Weakness and Saul more out of panic, out of weakness and Saul more out of a of. 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The battle wouldn ’ t a man after God ’ s will, he wasn ’ t man. Into our own hands i Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of pass... From other domains on your computer in our lives honors the LORD would have established your kingdom over ]! Is reproved by Samuel his associates ( even his own sense of insecurity will not any... His second year the events recorded in this chapter took place not more than hour... ” army for Israel not allow any of his reign, set himself to redress this was an to!: Earlier, Saul may also be trying to show or modify from! Pass for an instance of his reign God for everything headings 1 samuel 13 commentary find out more might... Superior military technology, the men of Israel fool as someone morally spiritually. In what he did not, in the blood of the men of Israel: this is classic! Difficult situations, they could list of stored cookies on this website a proof of his associates ( even own. Right thing to do something, and the garrison of the camp of the Philistines response! Not kept the commandment of the people present with him, that he king!

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